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SABAH EAST MALAYSIA

Sabah, located in East Malaysia, covers an area of 76,115 square kilometer, is the second largest state in Malaysia with the population of 2.8 million comprising of 32 ethnic groups and other non-indigenous people speaking 80 local dialects. The main indigenous group are the Kadazandusun, Muruts, Bajaus, Kedayans, Sulu, Bisaya, Rumanau, Minokok, and Rungus. They are all interwoven by culture, tradition, marriage and language. The result is a face and dialect unmistakably Sabah. The state is made up of 7 districts namely, Pantai Barat Selatan, Pantai Barat Utara, Sandakan, Tawau, Lahad datu, Keningau and Beaufort. The state of Sabah is bordered by Sarawak on its southwestern side, Kalimantan (Indonesian Borneo) to the south, the South China Sea in the west and north, the Sulu Sea in the northeast and the Celebes Sea in the east. Sabah was known in ancient times as the "Land Below The Wind" because it lies below the typhoon belt. Sabah's terrain is rugged, with Mt. Kinabalu, at 4,101 metres, the highest mountain in South East Asia, dominates the surrounding landscape. It has a wide diversity of flora and fauna, as well as one of the world's largest rainforests.

For many visitors, the primary attractions of Sabah are its outstanding national parks, which include Kinabalu National Park, the Crocker Range Park, the Sepilok Orang Utan Sanctuary, the islands of Tunku Abdul Rahman National Park and the diver's paradise of Pulau Sipadan and other beautiful tropical paradise island found in Sabah any many more attractions. Sabah is gifted with its unspoilt beaches, isolated tropical islands, fascinating culture, colourful and beautiful marine life, spectacular countryside dominated by an awesome mountain Mt Kinabalu.

Off Sabah's coast, the waters are diving enthusiasts' dream. Swim in the pristine crystal waters of the Celebes Sea off the coast of Semporna and snorkel or dive the exquisite reefs. Climb Southeast Asia's highest and most majestic peak at over 13,000 feet. Camp in the ancient village of the Rungus Tribe in a traditional longhouse, and find out how life there has stood still for hundreds of years . Sabah will surely impress you with her unique and unspoilt character, truly Borneo's Sabah, Malaysia. Sabah is one of the great ecological wonders of the world. According to Sir David Attenbourough, famed conservationist and filmmaker, "Sabah is one of the world's greatest treasures of wildlife."



HISTORY OF SABAH

Human settlement began in Sabah or North Borneo 27 000 years ago. The kingdom of Brunei took control of Sabah's west coast in the 16th century while the Sulu Sultanate controlled Sabah's east coast in the 17th and 18th centuries. British encroachment started with the occupation of Balambangan Island by the British East Indies Company. In 1764, the Sultan of Sulu was forced to concede his power over Sabah territories to the British. The British also installed Raja Muda Hashim as the new Sultan of Brunei after a succession struggle for the throne of Brunei. Brunei's control over Sabah diminished by the 19th century. In 1850, an American trader, Charles Lee Moses, succeeded in obtaining a lease over a large part of the west coast from the Sultan of Brunei. This eventually passed into the hands of Alfred Dent, a British businessman. Dent converted the lease into a cession. In 1870, William Cowie and Baron Overback persuaded the Sultan of Sulu to hand over his concession in Sandakan. By 1878, both Brunei and Sulu had delivered all their Sabah territories to the British. In 1879, the British established administrative capitals at Sandakan, Temparuk and Papar. In 1881, the Chartered Company of British North Borneo was established to manage the procurements, with W.H. Treacher as the first Governor of Sabah. British Government protection was also granted. This lasted until 1941, the year of the Japanese invasion. Following the end of the Second World War, Sabah was placed under the British Military Administration (BMA). In 1946, the Company surrendered its rights to the British Government and on 15 July 1946, Sabah became a British Crown Colony.

Sabah eventually obtained its independence by joining Malaysia in 1963, after Tunku Abdul Rahman allayed its fears of domination by the Federal Government. The findings of the Cobbold Commission in 1962 found over 70% of the population of Sabah and Sarawak favoured joining Malaysia, and on 31 August 1963, the Federation of Malaysia with Sabah and Sarawak was formed. Both the Philippines and Indonesia challenged this development. But Malaysia was formally formed on 16 September 1963.



PLACES IN SABAH EAST MALAYSIA



Kota Belud

Kota Belud is a small town located 77 km from Kota Kinabalu. Every Sunday it comes alive in a scene of blazing, riotous colour when the "Tamu," or open market, takes place.


Tuaran

Tuaran is the location of the region's agricultural station. Nearby is Mengkabong, a Bajau village built over water. Also close by is Tamparuli, a town specializing in the production of local handicrafts.


Penampang

Another village that offers an insight into Sabah's varied ethnic groups, Penampang is home to the Kadazan people. The village is located 13 km south of Kota Kinabalu.


Sandakan

Sandakan is busy port on the Sulu Sea, about 386 km from Kota Kinabalu. The forestry exhibition in Sandakan showcases the astounding variety of flowers and plants found in Sabah; the Sandakan Orchid House has a collection of rare orchids. Along the Labuk Road from Sandakan is a crocodile farm, housing about 1,000 crocodiles of various sizes.


Semporna

Located on the southeast coast of Sabah, Semporna is the jumping-off point for Pulau Sipadan, a diving paradise, and Pulau Gaya, the island where Sabah pearls are cultured.


Kudat

A long way from Kota Kinabalu (238 km), Kudat is, nevertheless, worth a visit, as it is home to the colourful Rungus tribe. The journey to the village is an attraction in its own right, winding through the region's varied terrain of mountains, valleys, and jungles.

PLACES OF INTEREST IN SABAH EAST MALAYSIA


Mt Kinabalu Park

Mt Kinabalu rises 4,101 metres above a vegetation that ranges from the rich lowland dipterocarp zone through the montane oak, rhododendron and conifer forests to alpine meadow plants and stunted bushes of the summit zone. It is an area that probably has one of the richest flora in the world. Allow about 2-3 days to reach the summit. You need to get a permit to climb the mountain, and you'd have to make arrangements for accommodation and transportation. It has to be made at least a week in advance. Book early during the school holidays. Not to be missed here is the Poring Hot Springs.


Tunku Abdul Rahman Park

The Tunku Abdul Rahman Park is a park with a difference. It comprises five idyllic islands which are only 10 to 25 minutes away from Kota Kinabalu by speedboat. These islands, Pulau Gaya, Pulau Sapi, Pulau Mamutik, Pulau Manukan and Pulau Sulug, offer stretches of white sandy beaches, crystal clear waters and some of the most diverse coral reefs and marine life in the world. They are ideal spots for picnicking, diving and snorkerlling, particularly Sapi and Manukan which have picnic facilities and Mamutik where cabins are available for rental.


Sepilok Orang-Utan Santuary

Here, orang utans that have been abandoned by their mothers, or were formally in captivity, are rehabilitated until they are fit enough to be returned to the wild.


Batang Kinabatangan

Sabah’s longest river, the riverine forest boasts an astonishing variety of wildlife that is both common and easy to see.


Turtle Islands National Park

Visited by marine turtles which come ashore to lay their eggs, mainly between August and October.


Gomantong Caves

The journey to the Gomantong Caves takes a whole day; first a boat-ride across the bay from Sandakan, then a drive by landrover through 16 km of dense jungle. Within the marvellous caves, swifts build their nests high on cave walls and roofs. These nests are considered a delicacy, and are carefully collected by native men climbing on tall bamboo poles. Tours can be arranged through the Forest Department in Sabah or a travel agency.


Danum Valley

One of the premier research centre in South East Asia, it is a meeting place for naturalists from all over the world. A sanctuary to over 110 mammals and home to over 275 bird species and numerous reptiles, amphibians, fishes, countless insects and other fascinating creatures.


Layang-Layang Island

With a 1,665 to 1,998 metres drop, the island is an exceptional place for the more experienced diver. The waters beneath offer fascinating seascapes and marine life, including several diverse species of coral and reef fish.


Sipadan Island

The turtle capital of the world. Everything from hammerhead sharks to the smallest and prettiest nudibranch in and around Sipadan's reef. It is an underwater photographer's paradise.

Other places of interest includes Sabah State Mosque, Kota Kinabalu, Sabah Foundation Building, Kota Kinabalu, the Sunday Gaya Street Fair, Signal Hill, Sabah State Museum, The Science and Technology Centre and Art Gallery, Tanjung Aru Beach, Kampung Monsopiad, Central Market, Rafflesia Forest Reserve, Tambunan Plain, Tambunan, Gunung Trus Madi, Mewah Waterfall, Kota Belud, Tenom, Tenom Orchid Centre, Kudat Longhouse. Islands & Beaches includes Pulau Tiga Park, Mantanani Island, Lankayan Island and Kapalai Island. Please of interest includes Kinabalu Park, Longhouses, Mengkabong Water Village, Poring Hot Spring, Tamu, Whitewater Rafting, Kinabatangan Wetland, Madai Cave, Tambunan Rafflesia Centre and Sabah Agriculture Park.



Accommodations

Accommodation facilities available in the state of Sabah East Malaysia includes Nexus Resort Karambunai, Mengatal, Sabah, Kinabalu Daya Hotel Kota Kinabalu, Beringgis Beach Resort Sabah and Belmont Marco polo Tawau, Sabah East Malaysia.



GETTING TO SABAH EAST MALAYSIA

Its capital, Kota Kinabalu, receives flights from Kuala Lumpur, Johor Bahru, Kuching, Singapore, Hong Kong, Manila, Brunei. Jakarta, Seoul and Taipei. Being a vast state, domestic travelling is via daily flights covering Labuan, Sandakan, Lahad Datu and Tawau. Large areas are still inaccessible. A rail network stretches from Kota Kinabalu to Tenom. Buses, taxis and boats are other modes of transport available. SABAH Air provides another way to view Sabah. Launched in June last year, this new concept called "heli-picnic" has been gaining the favour of tourists.


Climate

On the whole, Sabah has an equatorial climate. The temperature is relatively uniform within the range of 23°C to 31°C throughout the year. During the months of March to September, the weather is generally dry and warm. Humidity is consistently high on the lowlands ranging between 85% to 95% per annum. The average rainfall per year is 2,400 mm, depending on locality, and the wettest months are from November to March.


Malaysia Hotels Dot CC, brings you some of the best hotels in the state of Sabah, East Malaysia. We bring to you Nexus Resort Karambunai, Mengatal, Sabah, Kinabalu Daya Hotel Kota Kinabalu, Beringgis Beach Resort Sabah and Belmont Marco polo Tawau, Sabah East Malaysia. We present them here comprehensively with factual information on all our participating hotels and resorts in the state of Sabah, East Malaysia.

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SANDAKAN

Hotel Kensington Sandakan

HOTEL KENSINGTON SANDAKAN
Kensington Hotel Sandakan is one of the most affordable hotels you can find in Sandakan. If you are on a budget travel plan, this hotel might just be the ideal hotel for you to stay in while you can spend your money in other elements in the town such as food and souvenirs. CLICK HERE


Central Hotel Sandakan

CENTRAL HOTEL SANDAKAN
Central Hotel Sandakan is especially recommended for individuals who are traveling on a tight budget. Being one of the best budget hotel in town, the hotel is definitely able to not only provide you with an affordable stay, it will also provide you with the comfort and convenience you need in making your trip to Sandakan as memorable as possible. CLICK HERE


Hotel Hsiang Garden

HOTEL HSIANG GARDEN
The Hsiang Garden Hotel Sandakan is specially recommended for individuals who are looking for a quick stay in Sandakan. Located in the heart of the city, the hotel offers customers with various rooms to choose from and it is guaranteed that all these rooms as well as the hotel itself are equipped with all the necessary facilities and services to ensure that you can have a good and comfortable stay in the hotel. CLICK HERE


KUDAT

KUDAT GOLF & MARINA RESORT
Located at the “Tip of Borneo”, Kudat Golf and Marina Resort offers the opportunity for visitors to indulge in the beauty and serenity of Kudat. The resort is outstanding in terms of matching excellence in facilities and services. Promising to create a new dimension and benchmark in customer service. They believe the provision of modern facilities is just as important as the nature and quality of services. The resort has 41 Superior rooms with golf view, 43 Superior rooms with sea view and four Suites. CLICK HERE

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