Perak Darul Ridzuan
Perak Darul Ridzuan, covers an area of 21,000
square kilometres and has a population of about two million.
The state is divided into ten districts, Batang Padang, Manjung,
Kinta, Kerian, Kuala Kangsar, Larut & Matang, Hilir Perak,
Hulu Perak, Selama and Perak Tengah, and its major towns include
lpoh, Kuala Kangsar, Taiping, Teluk Intan and Lumut. Kuala Kangsar
is the royal town of Perak, while lpoh is the administrative
centre and state capital.
For centuries, Perak was renowned for its rich tin deposits.
It is believed that the state derived its name, which means
silver in Malay, from the silvery tin ore.
History of Perak Darul Ridzuan
The Perak State, in actual fact, has been in existence since
the prehistoric age. Kota Tampan in Lenggong is the one and
only proof that the Paleolithic Age existed in Malaya. The Perak
State went through numerous evolutions between 400 000 BC and
8000 BC. The state had experienced the Hoabinhian Era and the
Neolithic Age which was proven with the findings of relevant
Historically Perak's history actually began with the installation
of Sultan Muzaffar Shah 1, who was a descendent of Sultan Mahmud
Shah of Malacca, in the year 1528. Perak became more prominent
with the discovery of tin in Larut, Taiping in 1848 by Long
Jaafar. With this discovery, Perak's economy boomed. In addition
to tin ore, natural rubber also played an important role and
is still being planted after the reign of 33 or 34 consecutive
The British who had long been interested in Perak, intervened
through the Pangkor Treaty in 1874 after a riot in Larut. As
a result of this intervention, the Residential system was introduced
with James W.W Birch as its first Resident. Initially, the Residential
system was supposed to yield positive results. However, because
it deviated from its original cause, coupled with the natives'
refusal to be colonized led to an uprising against the Resident
under the leadership of Datuk Maharaja Lela. As a result J.W.W
Birch was assassinated in 1875. The Residential system continued
until the arrival of the Japanese to Malaya in 1941. The Perak
State suffered, during the Japanese occupation of Malaya until
the year 1945. Even after the Japanese surrendered, the British
still colonized Malaya until the year 1948. Violence was rampant
then in Perak, due to Communist terrorism. After the Japanese
occupation in Malaya, the Malay States were not stable. The
British did their utmost best to maintain their position by
introducing new administration systems such as the Malayan Union
in 1946, despite the people's nationalistic spirit to seek independence.
The people of Malaya combined their efforts with all state dignitaries
to fully rebel against all British systems. They continuously
oppressed until the British granted Malaya independence in 1957.
The independence of Malaya meant the freedom for all its Federated
States, which Perak was a part of. Rapid development in all
fields continued until today, after the reign of 34 consecutive
Towns & Cities in Perak
Ipoh is the capital City of Perak. The tin mines around Ipoh
are reputedly the richest in the world. Today, Ipoh is one of
Malaysia's larger cities, with a population of about half a
Kuala Kangsar, located 48km north of Ipoh on the Perak River,
is the royal town of Perak. It is dominated by three beautiful
buildings: Istana Iskandariah, Istana Kenangan and the Ubudiah
Taiping succeeded Kuala Kangsar as the capital of Perak in the
late nineteenth century. The country's oldest State Museum is
within the vicinity, containing artifacts such as ancient weapons,
handicrafts and aboriginal implements.
Bukit Larut (formerly Maxwell Hill)
Bukit Larut, located just 10 km from Taiping, is Malaysia's
oldest hill station. The hill is accessible by four-wheel drive
only. A land rover is available at the foot of the hill. It
leaves everyday from 7am to 6pm. Fare: RM2.50 for adults and
RM1 for children.
85 km southwest of Ipoh is the naval base town of Lumut. Of
interest here is the Naval Museum which houses a collection
of ancient weapons and historical artifacts. Lumut is also the
departure point for Perak's internationally-known, Pulau Pangkor
and Pulau Pangkor Laut.
Places of Interest
River Terrapin Breeding Project
Located at Bota Kanan, 40km from Ipoh, the project breeds hatchling
river terrapins, or Bataqur baska, which are then released into
the Perak River. Between November and March, visitors can watch
river terrapins lay their eggs along the river's shore.
Ipoh Cave Temples
The countryside around Ipoh is studded with dramatic limestone
outcroppings, many of which are dotted with cave temples. While
many of the temples are of recent origin, cave paintings dating
back two millenia have been located at one site. The most famous
of the temples are Perak Tong and Sam Poh Tong.
Kuala Gula Bird Sanctuary
This coastal bird sanctuary attracts a wide variety of exotic
birds, particularly during the migratory season between August
and December. Hundreds of species of birds have been sighted
Midway along the East-West Highway is Temenggur Lake, formed
by the the construction of the magnificent Temenggur Dam. Set
atop an island in the lake is the Banding Resort.
The rubber industry grew with extreme rapidity in Malaysia at
the beginning of the century, and as one would expect it attracted
all sorts of fortune-seekers. One of the most successful of
these was William Kellie Smith, a Scot who decided modestly
to mark his success by constructing a magnificent castle here
in Batu Gajah, Perak. Located about 50Km from Ipoh.
Other places of interest includes Banding Island Resort, Bukit
Larut (Maxwell Hill), D R Seenivasagam Park, Darul Ridzuan Museum,
Geological Museum, Ipoh Railway Station, Japanese Garden, Kellie's
Castle, Kuala Gula Bird Sanctuary, Lata Iskandar Waterfalls,
Lata Kinjang, Pasir Salak Historical Complex, Perak Museum,
Perak Tong, River Terrapin Breeding Project Bota Kanan, Royal
Museum, Sungkai Deer Farm, Tambun Hot Spring, Taiping Lake Gardens,
Teluk Intan Leaning Tower and Gua Tempurung.
Getting To Perak
MalaysiaAirlines has multiple daily flights
from Kuala Lumpur International Airport to the Sultan Azlan
Shah Airport in Ipoh. The North-SouthExpressway
passes through Perak with interchanges at Tamjung Malim, Behrang,
Slim river, Sungkai, Bidor, Tapah, Gopeng, Simpang Pulai, Ipoh,
Jelapang, Kuala Kangsar, Changkat Jering, Taiping, Alor Pongsu
& Bandar Baru. It is roughly a 4.5 hours drive from Kuala
Lumpur to Ipoh. PLUSLiner
and Transnasional Express operates daily Interstate Coaches
from Kuala Lumpur to Kuala Kangsar, Lumut, Ipoh & Taiping.
KTMB operates Express
Rakyat and Senandung Langkawi daily
rail service from KL Sentral.
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